The Moths of Suffolk
2221 Mullein, Shargacucullia verbasci, (Linnaeus, 1758)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and common

Habitats : Usually chalky soils, rougher areas, grassland, breckland, scrub, marshes, shingle beaches

Flight Period : Single-brooded; mid-April to May, occasional late records

Larval foodplants : Wild Mullein and cultivated Mullein

Morley's Final Catalogue : Our sole common species of the genus, everywhere on mullein and figwort. I found the larvae in September 1821 in profusion in Mr. Kirby's garden at Barham, feeding on a Verbascum: also found in Suffolk by W. C. Hewitson Esq. (Stephens iii, 85-6). Wherestead, Martlesham, Southwold, Bury, Higham, Tuddenham, Barton Mills, Brandon, Lakenheath.

Wingspan details : Forewing 19-24mm, Wingspan 44-52mm

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultStar-wort, Cucullia asteris
Striped Lychnis, Shargacucullia lychnitis
Water Betony, Shargacucullia scrophulariae

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Bawdsey (4.v.2003) © M Deans

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
45 50 100 50

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
pupa pupa pupa pupaimago ovaimago larva larva pupa pupa pupa pupa pupa

Further Photographs

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Ipswich, Suffolk (30.iii.2014) © Paul Kitchener
Young larva - Barham (17.v.2003) © A Prichard
Hazelwood (26.v.2003) © A Prichard
 
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Reydon, Suffolk (iv.2003) © N Sherman
Full grown larva - Ipswich, Suffolk (vi.2004) © N Sherman
Lakenheath (15.iv.2004) © L Gregory
 
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(ex larvae found on buddleia) - Woolpit, Suffolk (iv.2007) © Paul Bryant
Eye, Suffolk (21.v.2008) © Paul Kitchener
Bred from larva collected in 2007 - Ipswich, Suffolk (iv.2008) © Neil Sherman
 
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VC25, Gorleston, Suffolk (5.v.2010) © Brian Jones
First light-trapped adult for site - Ipswich, Suffolk (15.v.2015) © Neil Sherman