The Moths of Suffolk
2089 Heart and Dart, Agrotis exclamationis, (Linnaeus, 1758)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and abundant

Habitats : Can be found almost anywhere

Flight Period : Double-brooded; first brood May to August. Literature states a second partial brood in September but there are very few September records for this species in the county

Larval foodplants : Various herbaceous plants

Morley's Final Catalogue : Both (referring also to Turnip Moth) as common as tumips everywhere, often a pest at light and sugar. The lands around Barham were much damaged by the larvae of Agrotis segetum devouring the roots, about 1826, and the Rev. W. Kirby told me that several bushels of the larvae were destroyed by Mr. Rodwell (Stephens, Illust. ii, 1829, p. 116). A. aequa, Och., at Sudbury in 1836 (Ent. Mag. iv, 233).

Wingspan details : Forewing 15-19mm, Wingspan 35-44mm

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultTurnip Moth, Agrotis segetum
Heart and Club, Agrotis clavis
Great Dart, Agrotis crassa

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Eye, Suffolk (15.vi.2006) © Paul Kitchener

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
9 100 19

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
larval diapause larval diapause larval diapause pupa imago imago ovaimago larva larva larva larval diapause larval diapause

Further Photographs

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Eye (20.v.2000) © Paul Kitchener
Ipswich (3.vi.2003) © A Prichard
Thetford (25.v.2005) © Lee Gregory
 
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Eye, Suffolk (15.vi.2006) © Paul Kitchener
Thetford, Norfolk (28.iv.2007) © Lee Gregory
Eye, Suffolk (16.v.2007) © Paul Kitchener
 
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Eye, Suffolk (1.vi.2009) © Paul Kitchener
Ipswich, Suffolk (11.v.2011) © Neil Sherman
abberant form - Ipswich, Suffolk (17.vi.2013) © Neil Sherman
 
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Found by day under Marjoram plant - Ipswich, Suffolk (2.ix.2013) © Neil Sherman