The Moths of Suffolk
1978 Pine Hawk-moth, Hyloicus pinastri, (Linnaeus, 1758)

National Status : Local

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and common

Habitats : Conifer plantations, shelterbelts, heathland, mixed woodland

Flight Period : Single-brooded; May to early August

Larval foodplants : Scots Pine, occasionally other pines Maritime Pine, Norway Spruce and Cedar of Lebanon

Morley's Final Catalogue : Though cited from elsewhere in England as a British insect by Stephens, Stainton in 1857 knew nothing of it as such; and Greene, who seems cognisant of only vague rumours of capture in Suffolk, scouts it from our List the next year (Nat. 1858, 182), nor does Hele refer to the species in 1870. Not till the capture of males at Waldringfield in 1875 and 1877 (Waller) and at Tuddenham Martin in the latter year was it accepted as British (EMM. 1877, 67 and 136). Its expansion from Waldringfield in 1879 was rapid: Saxmundham 1879 and Ipswich asylum 1881 (Entom. xiv, 210; xvi, 187), in which year it appeared in Aldeburgh vicarage garden, where forty examples were secured during 1882. Now this Hawk ranges over quite a broad area, bounded by Easton Broad on the north and the Deben on the south Cf. Entom. 1881, 210; 1883, 187; 1886, 14; 1893, 224; Sept. 1900; 1906, 210; 1917, 258; 1922, 236 ; Ent. Rec. 1898, xi and xii, 95 ; 1905, 212; Nat. Journal, Dec. 1901; Trans. i, 72, 143, 231; ii, 291, 295, clxxv.

Wingspan details : Forewing 35-41mm, Wingspan 72-80mm

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultConvolvulus Hawk-moth, Agrius convolvuli
Privet Hawk-moth, Sphinx ligustri

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Rendham (vii.2003) © M Deans

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
10 61 100 27

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
pupa pupa pupa pupa pupa imago ovaimago ovalarvaimago larva pupa pupa pupa

Further Photographs

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Beaten from Scots pine - King's Forest, Suffolk (ix.2002) © N Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (v.2002) © N Sherman
Thetford Warren, Suffolk (23.v.2007) © Lee Gregory
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (23.vi.2010) © Neil Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (1.vi.2011) © Neil Sherman