The Moths of Suffolk
1147 Epinotia cruciana, Willow Tortrix, (Linnaeus, 1761)

National Status : Local

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 3)

Distribution and abundance : Scarce

Habitats : Wet woodland, wet heathland, stream banks and coastal habitats

Flight Period : Single-brooded; July. Literature states from mid-May to early August

Larval foodplants : In the buds and on the leaves of willows (Salix), particularly Sallow (Salix caprea), Creeping Willow (Salix repens) and Eared Sallow (Salix aurita)

Records : Ipswich (SMG, 17.vii.1998), Market Weston Fen (SMG, 25.vii.1998), Rendham (M Deans, 2000), Barnby (SMG, 14.vii.2000), Thelnetham Fens (SMG, 28.vii.2000), Minsmere (N Sherman, 4.vii.2003), Belton (SMG, 16.vii.2004)

Morley's Final Catalogue : Nominally common among sallow; but here noted only before 1890 at blaxhall (Hkr); and Flixton near Bungay (Ctw). Gorleston in July 1932 (D).

Wingspan details : Wingspan 12-15mm


Confusion species : None

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Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire (5.vii.2006) © Stuart Read

Flight chart

Life history chart
larva larvapupaimago larvapupaimago imago imago no datano datano datano data

Further Photographs

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Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire (9.vii.2010) © Matthew Deans
Oulton Marshes, Suffolk (6.vii.2012) © Neil Sherman